Saturday, May 23, 2020

smoking jacket style of lounge jacket originally

smoking jacket is an informal men's style of lounge jacket originally intended for tobacco smoking, designed in the 1850s. A classic-styled smoking jacket comes in a shawl collar, turn-up cuffs, toggle or button fastenings, or simply be closed with a tie belt. It is usually made from velvetsilk, or both.
Originating in the 1850s, The Gentleman's Magazine of LondonEngland, defined the smoking jacket as a "kind of short robe de chambre [i.e. a banyan], of velvetcashmereplushmerino or printed flannel, lined with bright colours, ornamented with brandebourgs [i.e. frogs], olives or large buttons."
It was out of the smoking jacket that the dinner jacket evolved in 1865, essentially as a dress coat without tail, following the example of the then Prince, later King Edward VII (1841–1910), preceding the semi-formal black tie in Western dress codes. As such, the smoking jacket has occurred with also with this level of formality ever since, particularly when smoking pipes and cigars.

smoking jacket is an informal men's style of lounge jacket originally intended for tobacco smoking, designed in the 1850s. A classic-styled smoking jacket comes in a shawl collar, turn-up cuffs, toggle or button fastenings, or simply be closed with a tie belt.
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20th century

A gentleman in a smoking jacket enjoying tobacco, accompanied by a dachshund puppy (1930).
The smoking jacket remained a popular accessory into the 20th century. An editorial in The Washington Post in 1902 gave the opinion that the smoking jacket was "synonymous with comfort", while a Pennsylvania newspaper opined in 1908 that it would be "putting it mildly to say that a new House Coat or Smoking Jacket will give any man reason for elation". Famous wearers included Fred Astaire (who was buried in a smoking jacket), Cary GrantDean MartinJon Pertwee and Frank Sinatra.
While smoking jackets declined in popularity from the 1950s, a minority of wearers still persisted; Playboy mogul Hugh Hefner (1926–2017) was a notable example. In its January/February 1999 issue, Cigar Aficionado stated that it was time the smoking jacket be brought back, perhaps as an "alternative type of formalwear"


The smoking jacket had its name after its associated tobacco activity.
As a false friend, the name carried on to its derivation the dinner jacket in several non-English languages. In Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, and other European languages, the term smoking indicates a dinner jacket, that is a tuxedo.



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